Majority of patients with non-alcoholic fatty  liver disease could be asymptomatic

Majority of patients with non-alcoholic fatty  liver disease could be asymptomatic

Majority of patients with non-alcoholic fatty  liver disease could be asymptomatic


World Liver Day
Majority of patients with non-alcoholic fatty 
liver disease could be asymptomatic
4-5 patients are reported daily with NAFLD at Fortis Mohali
Chandigarh, April 19, 2022: Liver disease affects millions of people across the world every year. 
Even as liver is the second-largest organ in the body, awareness about liver diseases continues 
to be significantly low. Fortis Hospital Mohali reports 4-5 patients with Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver 
Disease (NAFLD) daily. 
To spread awareness about liver-related conditions, World Liver Day is observed on 19th April 
every year. Dr Mohinish Chhabra, Director, Gastroenterology, Fortis Hospital Mohali, in an 
advisory explains the common symptoms, causes, management and prevention of Non-
alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD).
What is NAFLD?
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a refers to a group of conditions where there is accumulation 
of excess fat in the liver of people who drink little or no alcohol. Inflammation of the liver can 
get worse over time, thereby causing extensive liver scarring known as cirrhosis. This can cause 
further liver failure and liver cancer.
Symptoms
The majority of individuals with NAFLD have no symptoms and a normal examination. Children 
may exhibit symptoms such as abdominal pain, which may be in the centre or the right upper 
part of the abdomen, and sometimes fatigue. However, other causes of abdominal pain and 
fatigue should be considered. On physical examination the liver might be slightly enlarged and 
some children may have patchy, dark discoloration of the skin present (acanthosis nigricans) 
most commonly over the neck and the under arm area.
Causes
1. Being overweight or obese.

2. Type 2 diabetes or insulin says non-alcoholic fatty liver disease resistance.
3. High level of fat in the blood.
4. Poor diet and sedentary lifestyle.
Treatment options
Dr Chhabra says weight loss through a combination of a healthy diet, lifestyle and exercise can 
go a long way in treating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Other diagnosis includes liver 
function test, chronic viral hepatitis screening, ultrasound, liver biopsy, CT scanning or MRI of 
the abdomen.
Prevention is better than cure
Dr Chhabra says some measures that can prevent non-alcoholic fatty liver disease include:
1. Avoid alcohol: The liver breaks down alcohol, so it can be removed from the body. But a poor 
liver does not function properly, hence alcohol can harm the body.
2. Lose weight: Keeping weight under check can help prevent inflammation in the liver. Ensure 
to consume a balanced diet and keep a tab on the calorie count.
3. Limit sugar and salt intake: Sugar beverages such as juice, soft drinks, sports drinks etc. 
increase the chance of developing obesity and Type 2 diabetes. Likewise, overconsumption of 
excessive salt can also harm the liver.
4. Diabetes: Ensure to control your diabetes under check and monitor your blood sugar level. 
5. Physical activity: Exercise boosts immune system but also keeps the cholesterol level down. 
6. Vaccination: To prevent non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, get vaccinated for Hepatitis A and 
Hepatitis B as these infections are more likely to cause liver failure.
About Fortis Healthcare
Fortis Healthcare Limited – an IHH Healthcare Berhad Company – is a leading integrated healthcare services 
provider in India. It is one of the largest healthcare organizations in the country with 27 healthcare facilities 
(including projects under development), 4100 operational beds and over 419 diagnostics centres (including JVs). 
Fortis is present in India, United Arab Emirates (UAE) & Sri Lanka. The Company is listed on the BSE Ltd and 
National Stock Exchange (NSE) of India. It draws strength from its partnership with global major and parent 
company, IHH, to build upon its culture of world-class patient care and superlative clinical excellence. Fortis 
employs 23,000 people (including SRL) who share its vision of becoming the world’s most trusted healthcare 
network. Fortis offers a full spectrum of integrated healthcare services ranging from clinics to quaternary care 
facilities and a wide range of ancillary services.